Brussels Sprouts vs. Broccoli – What You Need to Know!

Brussels sprouts and broccoli are like cousins. They both belong to the Brassicaceae family. However, while they are both cruciferous, each has distinctive features that set them apart. Understanding these differences helps you make informed nutrition and culinary decisions that take your meals to the next level.

From a glance, Brussels sprouts resemble miniature cabbages with thick stalks. They taste slightly bitter, whereas broccoli has a milder, earthy flavor. Comparatively, broccoli has a bushy appearance with edible florets.

Let’s delve into the battle between the two nutrition powerhouses.

Brussels Sprouts vs Broccoli: Who Wins the War of Nutrition?

Both Brussels sprouts and broccoli are nutrition heavyweights. They bring their A-game, as each contains an array of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that promote optimal health. But does one of the contenders reign over the nutrition supremacy?

Read on to find out!

As for their macronutrient profiles, both the Brussels sprout and broccoli are low in calories and fats yet filling due to their relatively high fiber content. That said, broccoli is lower in calorie content. Furthermore, Brussels sprouts have slightly more carbohydrates, dietary fiber, sugar, and proteins.

Below is an overview of each vegetable’s macronutrient profile per 100g serving according to the USDA.

Brussels Sprouts

  • Calories – 43
  • Fats – 0.3g
  • Carbohydrates – 9g
  • Dietary fiber – 3.8g
  • Sugar – 2.2g
  • Protein – 3.4g


  • Calories – 34
  • Fats – 0.4g
  • Carbohydrates – 7g
  • Dietary fiber – 2.6g
  • Sugar – 1.7g
  • Protein – 2.8g

Both veggies have a similar micronutrient profile. However, the exact levels of the minerals and vitamins vary slightly. Both have an impressive level of immune-boosting vitamin C.

A 100g serving of each vegetable exceeds the daily recommended intake, with broccoli delivering slightly more than the Brussels sprout – 148% vs. 141%, respectively.

They also contain:

  • Vitamin E
  • Vitamin K
  • Vitamin B6 & 12
  • Calcium
  • Iron
  • Potassium
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc
  • Manganese
  • Phosphorous
  • Selenium
  • Thiamin
  • Riboflavin
  • Niacin
  • Choline
  • Folate
  • Amino acids

Both contain beta-carotene. The antioxidant converts to vitamin A (retinol) when ingested. Beta-carotene is essential for maintaining skin health and boosting immunity.

You will also find they also have high levels of lutein and zeaxanthin. However, broccoli has a slightly lower level of antioxidants. Lutein and zeaxanthin help maintain eye health.

In a nutshell, both Brussels sprouts and broccoli have rightfully earned their place as elite superfoods for their significant amounts of nutrients and health benefits.

All of these health benefits (despite each nutritional difference) range from improved digestive health to antioxidative properties. They balance each other out on the supremacy scale. Therefore, it’s important to incorporate both into your meal plan.

Comparing the Flavor and Texture of Brussels Sprouts and Broccoli

Stir-fried Brussels sprouts

When it comes to flavor and texture, Brussels sprouts and broccoli have unique personalities. Brussels sprouts are earthy and nutty and have a slightly bitter taste. Cooking brings out a tender yet slightly firm texture. The outer leaves become crispy, deliciously contrasting the softness inside.

Certain ingredients, like lemon juice, savory bacon, spices, and sweet honey, balance out the bitterness. Sweet ingredients, like honey, maple syrup, and balsamic vinegar, add a delightful sweetness, while tangy, citrusy ingredients like lime zest and vinegar brighten the flavor.

Brussels sprouts also pair well with smoky flavors. Roasted garlic and smoked paprika add depth and richness, or you can spice them up with chili flakes, hot peppers, or Sriracha sauce for a bold flavor or hint of heat.

Broccoli has a more subtle taste, mildly sweet and grassy with earthy undertones. When cooked, the florets are both tender and crunchy.

When looking for the best broccoli seasoning, remember it pairs well with garlic, soy sauce, lemon juice, herbs, zest, and cheese. Lemon juice brightens the flavor and adds citrusy notes, while herbs impart a refreshing aroma. A splash of soy sauce highlights the natural flavors and creates a savory and umami richness.

You can also try ginger and sesame oil to impart a fusion of nutty and aromatic flavor or add cheese for something more indulgent.

Popular Culinary Uses and Cooking Methods

Chopped broccoli and other vegetables in a cooking pot

Both broccoli and Brussels sprouts are versatile and can be used in various recipes and dishes. They can also be prepared using different cooking techniques, including steaming, roasting, or stir-frying.

They hold up well to the heat no matter the cooking method. They can be incorporated into stir-fries, salads, grilled or roasted vegetable platters, soups, and casseroles.

Tasty Pairings and Recipe Ideas

Here are some broccoli and Brussels sprouts recipes you just might want to try:

  • Roasted Brussels sprouts dressed with balsamic vinegar
  • Brussels sprouts Caesar salad
  • Broccoli and cheddar stuffed potatoes
  • Lemon garlic butter shrimp with broccoli
  • Garlic broccoli pasta

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Which is better for you, broccoli or Brussels sprouts?

Both broccoli and Brussels sprouts are highly nutritious and worth adding to your meal plan. Brussels sprouts are a better option for higher protein, carbohydrate, and dietary fiber levels. On the other hand, for higher vitamin C, calcium, and riboflavin levels, go for broccoli.

What’s the difference between Brussels sprouts and broccoli?

Brussels sprouts are smaller than broccoli. They look like miniature cabbages with a compact head of leaves along the central stalk.

Conversely, broccoli has a flowering head composed of numerous small, tightly packed florets. Brussels sprouts have an earthy, nutty, and slightly bitter taste, while broccoli is mildly sweet and grassy with earthy undertones.

Why are Brussels sprouts a superfood?

They are nutrient-dense, offering a wide range of health benefits. These benefits include weight management, cancer-fighting properties, and promoting digestive and heart health.

Are Brussels sprouts and broccoli the same thing?

No. They belong to the same family, but they have distinctive characteristics.


So, is there a huge nutritional difference in the Brussels sprouts vs broccoli debate? Not really. Understanding the difference between these two cruciferous vegetables is essential for making informed culinary and nutritional decisions.

When it comes to nutrition, both excel in their own right. My recommendation is to incorporate a similar amount of both into your diet. Experiment with different recipes and pairings to explore their myriad flavors and textures.

Grab some fresh Brussels sprouts and broccoli, fire up your stove, grill, or oven, and embark on a thrilling journey to discover new flavors.

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